Ukraine

Glory to Ukraine !

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second-largest country in Europe after Russia, and the 46th-largest country in the world. With a population of about 42 million people, making it the ninth-most populous country in Europe, and the 32nd-most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city are Kyiv.

State in Eastern Europe, bordering the east and north by Russia, on the north-west – with Belarus, in the south-west – with Moldova in the west – with Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania. In the south, bordering the Black Sea, to the south-east – the Sea of Azov.

Ukraine has a mostly temperate continental climate, although the southern Crimean coast has a humid subtropical climate.

Around 48.5 million people. Consists mainly of Ukrainians (77.8%) and Russian (17.3%), are also home to quite a number of Belarusians, Moldovans,Crimean Tatars, and dozens of other nations. Capital – Kiev with a population of over 2 million 800 thousand people.

Most of the Ukrainian population professes Orthodox Christianity.

Ukraine occupies 8th place in Europe by the number of tourists visiting, according to the World Tourism Organisation rankings. Ukraine is a destination between central and Eastern Europe, between north and south. It has mountain ranges – the Carpathian Mountains suitable for skiing, hiking, fishing and hunting.

According to the constitution, the state language of Ukraine is Ukrainian. Russian is widely spoken, especially in Eastern and Southern Ukraine.

Ukraine’s healthcare system is state subsidised and freely available to all Ukrainian citizens and registered residents. However, it is not compulsory to be
treated in a state-run hospital as a number of private medical complexes do exist nationwide.

Ukraine produces nearly all types of transportation vehicles and spacecraft. Antonov airplanes and KrAZ trucks are exported to many countries. The majority of Ukrainian exports are marketed to the European Union and CIS. Since independence, Ukraine has maintained its own space agency, the National Space Agency of Ukraine. The country imports most energy supplies, especially oil and natural gas, and to a large extent depends on Russia as its energy supplier.

Foreign Relation

In 1999–2001, Ukraine served as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. Historically, Soviet Ukraine joined the United Nations in 1945 as one of the original members following a Western compromise with the Soviet Union, which had asked for seats for all 15 of its union republics. Ukraine also has made a substantial contribution to UN peacekeeping operations since 1992.

The traditional Ukrainian diet includes chicken, pork, beef, fish and mushrooms. Ukrainians also tend to eat a lot of potatoes, grains, fresh and pickled vegetables.

Cities of Ukraine

Ukraine  is a unitary state composed of 24 oblasts (provinces), one autonomous republic (Crimea), and two cities with special status: Kiev, its capital and largest city. Ukraine is a republic under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.

Transportation: Local public transportation in Kiev includes the Metro (underground), buses and minibuses, trolleybuses, trams, taxi and funicular. There is also an intra-city ring railway service. The tram system currently consists of 139.9 km (86.9 mi) of track, including 14 km (8.7 mi) two Rapid Tram lines, served by 21 routes with the use of 523 tram cars. Once a well maintained and widely used method of transport, the system is now gradually being phased out in favour of buses and trolleybuses.

Odessa or Odesa is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transportation hub located on the north western shore of the Black Sea. It is also the administrative center of the Odessa Oblast and a multi- ethnic cultural center. Odessa is sometimes called the ” pearl of the Black Sea “, the “South Capital “(under the Russian Empire and Soviet Union), and ” Southern Palmyra “

Climate: Odessa has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa, using the 0 °C [32 °F] isotherm) that borderlines the semi-arid climate (BSk) as well as a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) The average annual temperature of sea is 13–14 °C (55–57 °F), whilst seasonal temperatures range from an average of 6 °C (43 °F) in the period from January to March, to 23 °C (73 °F) in August. Typically, for a total of 4 months – from June to September – the average sea temperature in the Gulf of Odessa and city's bay area exceeds 20 °C (68 °F).

Vinnitsa is a city in west-central Ukraine, located on the banks of the Southern Bug. It is the administrative center of Vinnitsa Oblast and the largest city in the historic region of Podillia. Administratively, it is incorporated as a town of oblast significance. It also serves as an administrative center of Vinnitsa Raion, one of the 27 districts of Vinnitsa Oblast, though it is not a part of the district. 

Climate: A long lasting warm summer with a sufficient quantity of moisture and a comparatively short winter is characteristic of Vinnytsia. The average temperature in January is −5.8 °C (21.6 °F) and 18.3 °C (64.9 °F) in July. The average annual precipitation is 638 mm (25 in).

Transportation: Havryshivka International Airport is situated near Vinnytsia. There are the central bus station and the Western bus station in Vinnytsia. There is a railway station in Vinnytsia, which is a part of ” South-Western Railway “.

Kharkiv is the second-largest city in Ukraine. In the northeast of the country, it is the largest city of the Slobozhanshchyna historical region. Kharkiv is the administrative centre of Kharkiv Oblast and of the surrounding Kharkiv Raion, though administratively it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Presently, Kharkiv is a major cultural, scientific, and educational, transport and industrial centre of Ukraine, with 6 museums, 7 theatres and 80 libraries.

Climate: Kharkiv’s climate is humid continental with cold and snowy winters as well as the dry and hot summers. Kharkiv has rather sunny warm summers which, however, are relatively mild compared to temperatures in South European regions, due to the region’s lower elevation, proximity to the Black Sea, and the city’s latitude.

Lviv is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016. Lviv is one of the main cultural centres of Ukraine.

Ivano-Frankivsk is a historic city located in western Ukraine. It is the administrative centre of the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast. Administratively, it is designated as a city of regional significance within the oblast, and together with a number of rural localities, is incorporated as Ivano-Frankivsk Municipality.

Climate: As is the case with most of Ukraine, the climate is moderate continental with warm summers, and fairly cold winters.

Transportation: The city of Ivano-Frankivsk has an extensive network of public transport including buses, trolleybuses, and taxis. There are nine trolleybus routes and about 52 for regular buses. Some of the routes run beyond the city into nearby villages. There is one railway terminal that serves the Ivano-Frankivsk train station. There are also smaller rail stations in adjacent villages, including Uhryniv and Khryplyn. The airport shares its facilities with the 114 Brigade of the Ukrainian Air Force.

Poltava is a city located on the Vorskla River in central Ukraine. It is the capital city of the Poltava Oblast (province) and of the surrounding Poltava Raion (district) of the oblast.

Transportation: Poltava’s transportation infrastructure consists of two major train stations with railway links to Kiev, Kharkiv, and Kremenchuk. Poltava’s Kiev line is electrified and is used by the Poltava Express. Local municipal routes are parked along the Taras Shevchenko Street. In addition, a 15-route trolleybus network of 72.6 kilometres (45.1 mi) runs throughout the city. Poltava is also served by a domestic airport, situated outside the city limits near the village of Ivashky.

Ternopil is a city in western Ukraine, located on the banks of the Seret River. Until 1944, it was known mostly as Tarnopol, and its Ruthenian (Ukrainian) name was rarely used. Ternopil is one of the major cities of Western Ukraine and the historical regions of Galicia and Podolia. It is served by Ternopil Airport.

Dnipro is the administrative centre of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance, the centre of Dnipro municipality and extraterritorial administrative centre of Dnipro Raion.

Sumy is a city in north-eastern Ukraine, and the capital of Sumy Oblast (region). Sumy also serves as the administrative center of Sumy Raion of Sumy oblast. Sumy is administratively incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion.

Transportation: The city has Sumy Airport. There are several train stations in the city, two of which serve passenger trains. All train stations are part of the UZ regional branch Southern Railways. Sumy train station also is headquarters of one of four territorial subdivisions of the Southern Railways and conducts supervision over some other 45 train stations in Sumy, Poltava, and Kharkiv oblasts.

System of Education

The system of education provides good quality and is well developed. One of the most important tasks for central and local authorities is to give equal possibilities in getting top quality education for all citizens of Ukraine. 7% of Ukrainian professionals who teach 11 million students (22% of the population) are involved in the area of education and upbringing. There are 18400 institutions for pre-school preparation. According to the Constitution secondary school takes the central part in the system and is free and quite accessible. 7 million Students attend 21900 schools. Private sector in secondary education is insignificant. Totally, there are 200 private schools (1% of all the amount of students). You become a student of a university according the results of entrance exams in July- August. The academic year beginning on the 1st of September lasts up to the end of July and consists of two terms. At the end of each term the student takes 3 or 5 examinations and 3 or 5 tests. Successful pass of examinations and tests guarantees the possibility of getting to the second term. Higher education course includes work placement, when students have the possibility to gain experience. Recognition of qualification gained is the priority of the state. In case of successful graduation of a university students get them. Diploma no matter what form of property it refers to. The transcript of the subject list with marks is attached to the Diploma. Although the state guarantees the conformity to standards of qualification, the employer takes into consideration how authoritative the university is.

International Students

International students get their higher education in universities, academies and institutes that are not only accredited, but also have a special license to teach foreign students. All the universities from this Guide possess the license. The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine controls the quality of educational services done to foreign students. International students start their studying with foundation year. It includes a course of Ukrainian (Russian) language and some of the comprehensive subjects according to the future profession. Further education is continuing together with Ukrainian students.

Why To Choose Ukraine For Higher Education System Of Education

Nowadays it is common trend to study abroad, no doubt it is great way to experience something new and it gives you something unique. Study abroad opens new opportunity
gates which lead you on the peak of the competitive world. People that choose to go to a different country for their further education typically look for the location in Europe. If you are really searching for a great country in Central Europe to study in, you should consider Ukraine. It is incredible place that will certainly help you stand out from the rest of the people in the current job market. There is something very serious which leads you to choose Ukraine for your Higher Education. Studying in Ukraine has some serious advantages, especially for medical, engineering, accounting and business students. Almost all universities in Ukraine have English Medium, so you will not be forced to deal with a language barrier. You just come and begin learning. This incredible country also offers a great medical program and is know all over the world for it. This makes it an ideal choice for potential doctors or surgeons.

Higher Medical Education in Ukraine

Ukraine takes decades to train students from other countries. Since 1946, the Ukrainian universities trained about 250,000 professionals from more than 160 countries. Ukraine has strong academic schools, provides high quality training and education meets international standards. And the price of tuition remains lower than in many other countries. Moreover, the cost of living in the Ukrainian cities are low, and the Ukrainians have a reputation tolerant nation that is friendly to the guests. Traditionally, the greatest flow of students come from Russia, the countries of the East and the Middle East. The number of foreign students is leading the biggest Ukrainian cities. The first two positions are occupied by the city of Kharkov, where 28 institutions of higher education have a license to teach foreign students, and the capital of Ukraine – Kiev – there are 41 school, which take on the training of foreigners. In those cities, has more than 17,000 students from other countries. In addition to Kiev and Kharkov, as many higher education institutions with a license to foreign students in Odessa – 18, Dnepropetrovsk – Donetsk and 16 – 11. Enrolment of foreign students in Ukrainian universities and institutes in the summer begins and continues until November. Every year the Ministry of Education and Science provides about a thousand scholarships for foreigners for the state budget under the international treaties of Ukraine. During the year, the prospective student can learn Ukrainian or Russian language, both spoken and professional terminology, and deepen knowledge in core subjects. Upon completion of the preparatory faculty graduates receive a certificate that allows them to enroll in any educational institution in Ukraine according to an interview on a contract basis. It is coordinated and supervised by the Ministry of Education and Sciences Ukraine. Degrees awarded on successful completion include bachelor’s degree, Master’s Degree and Doctorate. The minimum duration of the university education that will merit a degree is four academic years for a bachelor’s degree program. Medical courses require longer duration, up to six years. MSc. and PhD. programs attract additional time, from one year to five years or more, depending on the program, the course, degree pursued and student’s commitment.

Teaching language is either of the following:

  • Ukrainian Language (national language)
  • Russian Language
  • English Language (optional mainly for foreign students)

Ukraine nationals’ study in their national languages, while foreign students have a choice of either the native language or English. This is subject to the availability of the program in English. Foreign students that opt to study in Ukrainian or Russian language undergoes a one-year preparatory language course, during which they undergo a study of language and preparatory courses related to their future discipline. If the student will be studying in English language, then it is inevitable that the student arrives early enough to be ready for academic activities come September 1st. However, students that will have to go through the language learning program are allowed to arrive a bit later, but not later than October 15th, to start language classes. Foreign students are subjected to the same regulations and guidelines governing higher education in Ukraine. The only addition is that foreign students are expected to legalize their certificates with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on graduation. This confirms that the certificate was actually issued from a Bonafide and accredited Ukrainian university. Failure to do this might put the certificate under additional scrutiny, and in some cases, rejected or invalidated when tendered. Unlike many other European countries higher education in Ukraine is comparatively cost effective. As a young sovereign nation, Ukraine is socially stable, with warm hospitality to foreigners. It is indeed, recommended for anyone seeking for quality and affordable education abroad.